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Cancer Society:

Any unusual development or tumor cause by abnormal and uncontrolled cell distribution; it may reach to all parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic systems called cancer. At the current time, over half the public who are diagnosed with cancer have a good possibility of long-term continued existence. Latest treatments are developed every day.

Cancer is a group of disease, not a single disease. There are more than 100 types of cancer. Name of the cancer is generally known by the name of the organ affected. The broad categories of cancer are as follows:

Carcinoma: It started in the skin and tissues, which covers the internal organs.
Sarcoma: It started in bone, fat, muscle or blood vessels.
Leukemia: It is started in Blood forming tissue.
Lymphoma and myeloma: It started in the cells of immune system.
Central Nervous system cancer: It started in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord.

Development of Cancer:

smoke Our body is made up of organs. Our organs are made up of tissues. Our tissues are made up of cells. All types of cancer begin in cells. In the healthy body, cells grow and divide to reproduce more cells whenever required to our body. When cells become old, they die. Sometimes this cycle of cells go wrong. Cells do not die after getting old, and reproduces new cells whenever not required. These extra cells generate a tumor in body.

Risk Factors of Cancer:

Risk factors are associated with cancer. Some rosk factors of cancer are as follows:

  • Cigarette Smoking: A person who is cigarette smoker, at higher risk of lung cancer, oral cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, pancreas cancer, stomach cancer etc. Sigaratte smoking causes 30% of all deaths due to cancer in US.
  • Tobacco use: A person who is using the tobacco is at higher risk of cancer.
  • Infections: Infection is a cause of cancer. 18% infectious agents estimated of all cancer cases. Infections cases maximum found in developing country.
  • Radiation: Radiation is the cause of cancer. Solar ultraviolet rays are a major cause of skin cancer.
  • Diet: A complete diet protects us from cancer and other factors that increase the risk of cancer. Fruits also decrease the risk of cancer.
  • Alcohol: Drinking alcohol increases the risk of cancer.
  • Physical activity: More active people have lower risk of cancer. Physical activities protect us from cancer.
  • Obesity: Body fatness increases the risk of cancer. Weight loss reduces the risk of cancer.
Bone Cancer

Cancer Treatments:

Treatment of cancer is now possible. Its basically depend on types of cancer and stage of cancer. In primary stage of cancer, it may be in controlled. We divide the treatments of cancer in basically two types:

  • Local treatment
  • Systematic treatment

We apply the local treatment if the cancer in tumor or area closes to tumor. In local treatment we can use radiation therapy or surgery.

Systemic treatments pass through nerves system and reaching all over the body. In systematic treatment we can use the following:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Biological therapy
  • Regional perfusion therapy
  • Stem cell transplantation
  • Clinical trials

Colon CancerTypes of cancer:

We can classify the cancer in following categories:
  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma: This is a very rare type of cancer disease. In the Adrenocortical Carcinoma cancer cell form in outer layer of adrenal gland. Two types of adrenal gland which is small in size and triangular situated on top of each kidney in our body. We further divide the adrenal gland in two parts. The outer layer of the adrenal gland is called adrenal cortex and center of the adrenal gland is called adrenal medulla.

  • Anal Cancer: If the cancel cells are found in the anus, then this disease is called Anal Cancer. This is an uncommon cancer. The anus organ is started from end of the large intestine. Anus passes all the waste of our body. In men generally anal cancer occurs outer part of anus. In women generally anal cancer occur inner parts of anus. Symptom of anal cancer is that anus is often red, swollen, and sore and bleeding from the rectum, pain in the anus. In this case, chance of recovery depends on the stage cancer and status of health. Three types of treatment use in this cancer are as follows:
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Brain Tumor
  • Breast Cancer

More Cancer:

Health News:

Read about recent developments in health care.

  • Food and Drug Administration, USA approved Yervoy (ipilimumab) to treat patients with late-stage (metastatic) melanoma skin cancer. (25-03-2011)
  • The Doctors research team in the University of Colorado Cancer Center has discover an enzyme that could be helpful to diagnose colon cancer earlier. (26-03-2011)
  • The researchers developed a new way in fields of cancer, which helps women to have baby whose ovaries struck by cancer.
  • Researchers have proved that non-vegetarian people are at higher risk of cancer.
  • Breast Cancer: Researchers developed a new way of treatment, which destroy tumors with a blast of laser light.
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